Kelowna, BC | 250.762.3309

Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Understanding Age-Related Macular Degeneration

Age-Related Macular Degeneration: Causing Severe and Irreversible Vision Loss

The unfortunate reality is that as we age, certain parts of the body begin to deteriorate. And just like any other part of the body, when our eyes start to break down, it causes problems.

Age-related macular degeneration (or AMD) occurs when a small portion of the retina called the macula starts to deteriorate. AMD very seldom causes total blindness, but most of the time it does result in significant vision loss and can result in legal blindness.

AMD Presents in Two Different Forms

The dry form of AMD is more common, making up roughly 90% of all cases. This form of the disease happens when yellowish deposits of fatty proteins called drusen build up in the macula, resulting in a gradual dimming of vision. When dry form AMD becomes very advanced, the light-sensitive cells around the macula can begin to die. In these cases, patients may experience “blind” spots in their central vision, or lose their central vision entirely.

Although wet form AMD only presents in about 10% of cases, it is usually the more serious of the two forms. Wet AMD develops when abnormal blood vessels grow in front of and around the macula. These blood vessels start to bleed, blurring and distorting the patient’s vision, often making straight lines appear wavy. Over time, the blood vessels form a scar, which can completely obstruct central vision.

Fighting AMD Through Early Detection

The best way to uncover AMD is by booking an annual eye exam, so your optometrist can inspect the health and function of your eyes. Seniors should have their eyes examined once a year, every year.

The Symptoms of Age-Related Macular Degeneration

The symptoms of AMD are usually so gradual, they go unnoticed until the damage is quite severe. Pay attention to any changes to your vision, and watch out for dark or blurry spots in the centre of your vision, or distortions of lines that are supposed to be straight. You may experience a dulling or distortion of colour as well.

If you notice any of these symptoms, see your doctor immediately.

 

Tips for Preventing Age-Related Macular Degeneration

  • Eat a balanced diet: Research shows that a number of nutrients can be very effective in the prevention of AMD.
  • Lose weight: Obesity and high cholesterol are both considered high risk factors for AMD. Getting regular exercise is an important step in preventing the disease.
  • Quit smoking: AMD is just one of the many health problems associated with smoking cigarettes. The sooner your stop, the sooner your body can rebuild its own health.

Visit Our Office in the Pandosy Village District

Come see us for yourself. We’re located Kelowna’s Pandosy Village District, across from Raymer Elementary School.

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Address

2918 Tutt St
Kelowna, BC, V1Y 8Z5

Contact Number

(250) 762-3309

Hours

Weekdays 8:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Saturdays 9:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sundays Closed

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